Current Affairs 15 Sep 2023

Daily Current Capsules

15 September 2023

National Judicial Data Grid portal

A digital leap: All about National Judicial Data Grid

  • With Supreme Court of India onboarding the National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG) portal, the flagship project of the e-Courts project completes the full circle
  • Now we have all three tiers of Indian judiciary on NJDG portal.

Know! about NJDG

  • NJDG is recognized as a significant innovation under the ease of doing business initiative of the Government of India.
  • The NJDG portal is a national repository of data relating to cases instituted, pending, and disposed of by the courts across the length and breadth of the country.
  • Now with a click of a button, one may access case-related information, statistics such as institution, pendency and disposal of cases, case types, and year-wise break-up of the Supreme Court of India.
  • NJDG has been developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) in close coordination with the in-house software development team of the Computer Cell, Registry with an interactive interface and analytics dashboard.
  • The entire database shall be periodically updated on the NJDG portal.
  • To date, the NJDG portal remains unparalleled, and the same is accessible at a click of a button to its citizenry.
  • NJDG is sui generis as it has brought transparency, and accountability within the realm of the Indian judicial system by sharing all relevant data of cases instituted, pending, and disposed of.

Since the launch of the NJDG portal, the benefits of the NJDG portal can be summed up as under:

  1. increased transparency
  2. accountability and responsibility
  3. improved efficiency
  4. increased coordination
  5. informed decision making
  6. optimum deployment of resources and manpower
  7. single source of data
  8. huge potential for high-quality research work


Nipah virus (NiV)

Nipah Virus — The Jenner Institute

  • Union Health Minister reviewed steps taken for containment of Nipah virus outbreak in Kozhikode, Kerala, from the Indian Council of Medical Research – National Institute of Virology (ICMR-NIV)

Know! about Nipah virus (NiV)

  • Nipah virus (NiV) is a zoonotic virus, meaning that it can spread between animals and people.
  • Fruit bats, also called flying foxes, are the animal reservoir for NiV in nature.
  • Nipah virus is also known to cause illness in pigs and people.
  • Infection with NiV is associated with encephalitis (swelling of the brain) and can cause mild to severe illness and even death.
  • Outbreaks occur almost annually in parts of Asia, primarily Bangladesh and India.
  • Nipah virus infection can be prevented by avoiding exposure to sick pigs and bats in areas where the virus is present, and not drinking raw date palm sap which can be contaminated by an infected bat.
  • During an outbreak, standard infection control practices can help prevent person-to-person spread in hospital settings.
  • Nipah virus (NiV) infection can be diagnosed during illness or after recovery.
  • Currently, there are no licensed treatments available for Nipah virus (NiV) infection.
  • Treatment is limited to supportive care, including rest, hydration, and treatment of symptoms as they occur.
  • There are, however, immunotherapeutic treatments (monoclonal antibody therapies) that are currently under development and evaluation for treatment of NiV infections.


G20 Sustainable Finance Working Group Meeting

  • The 4th and last meeting of the G20 Sustainable Finance Working Group (SFWG) held under India’s G20 presidency, successfully concluded in Varanasi
  • The two-day meeting witnessed proactive engagement from over 80 delegates from G20 member countries, invitee countries and International Organisations including the World Bank, and New Development Bank, among others.
  • The G20 Sustainable Finance Working Group (SFWG) aims to mobilize sustainable finance to help ensure global growth and stability, and promote the transition towards greener, more resilient and inclusive societies and economies.
  • The main purpose of the Group is to advance international work to help scale up private and public sustainable finance and in doing so, accelerate the implementation of the Paris Agreement and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
  • The G20 Sustainable Finance Roadmap, as finalized in 2021, is the core around which the SFWG functions and takes up future work.


Bharat becomes the 13th country in world that can issue Internationally Accepted OIML (International Organization of Legal Metrology) Certificates

  • Bharat has now become the authority for issuing internationally accepted OIML certificate for selling weights & measures anywhere in the world.
  • To sell a weight or measure in the International market an OIML Pattern Approval certificate is mandatory, which Department of Consumer Affairs can issue now.
  • Bharat follows OIML recommendations and procedures of testing and calibration of weights and measures.
  • The reports prepared by the Legal Metrology’s Regional Reference Standards Laboratories are now acceptable to the OIML issuing authorities.
  • Now, Bharat is an authority for issue of OIML pattern approval certificates and can act as support system for indigenous manufacturers.
  • The domestic manufacturers can now export their weighing and measuring instrument worldwide without incurring additional testing fees, resulting in significant cost savings.
  • Bharat can also support the foreign manufacturers by issuing OIML pattern approval certificates from our certified RRSLs.
  • By issuing the OIML approval certificates of weighing & measuring instrument to the foreign manufacturers Bharat will also generate forex in terms of fees etc.
  • Bharat may now influence the OIML’s policies and provide input to the OIML Strategy.
  • Bharat now joins an exclusive group of nations, including Australia, Switzerland, China, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, France, United Kingdom, Japan, Netherlands, Sweden, and Slovakia, as the 13th country worldwide, authorized for issuing OIML approval certificates.

Know! about OMIL

  • OIML is an Intergovernmental organization which was established in 1955.
  • Bharat became its member in 1956.
  • It has 63 Member States and 64 Corresponding Members.
  • It develops model regulations, standards, and related documents for use by legal metrology authorities and industry,
  • It provides mutual recognition systems which reduce trade barriers and costs in a global market.


Rosh Hashanah

  • The Prime Minister has extended his warmest greetings to the people of Israel, and the Jewish people around the world on the occasion of Rosh Hashanah.
  • This Jewish New Year, celebrated by millions of people around the world, marks the beginning of the year 5784 in the Gregorian calendar and is a joyous occasion filled with traditions, food, and celebration.
  • It is mainly observed on the first or the second day of the Hebrew month of Tishrei.
  • In 2023, Rosh Hashanah will begin on September 15 and the celebration will continue till September 17.
  • Rosh Hashana is also known as the Day of Remembrance, for on this day Jews commemorate the creation of the world, and the Jewish nation recalls its responsibilities as God’s chosen people.


Engineers Day

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tributes to Sir M Visvesvaraya on the occasion of Engineers Day.
  • National Engineers Day is also known as Visvesvaraya Jayanti. National Engineer’s Day is observed every year on September 15.
  • The day is celebrated to commemorate the birthday of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, a diwan of the former Mysore kingdom who is credited with pioneering engineering achievements.
  • Sir M Visvesvaraya was India’s first Engineer and his contributions towards nation building are remarkable.
  • The government of India declared M Visvesvaraya’s birth anniversary as Engineers’ Day in 1968.


Raj Bhasha Kirti Puraskar, 2022-23

  • Department of Pension & Pensioners’ Welfare (DoPPW) has been conferred the prestigious First Raj Bhasha Kirti Puraskar, 2022-23 in the category of Ministries/Departments with less than 300 employees.

Know! about the award

  • The Raj Bhasha Kirti Puraskar is a prestigious award conferred every year on a department which stands first among all the Ministries/Departments with less than 300 employees during the Akhil Bhartiya Raj Bhasha Sammelan and Hindi Diwas celebrations organized by the Department of Official Language, Ministry of Home Affairs.


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