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22-23 June 2023 – Current Affairs

Daily Current Capsules

22-23 June 2023

India-United States Defence Acceleration Ecosystem (INDUS X) launched

India-US Defence Acceleration Ecosystem (INDUS X) launched in Washington

  • India-United States Defence Acceleration Ecosystem (INDUS X) was launched at an event in Washington DC, USA on 21 June 2023.

About the event

  • The INDUS X event was co-organized by Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX), the Ministry of Defence, and the US Department of Defence (DoD) and hosted by US-India Business Council (USIBC).
  • Objective – Expand the strategic technology partnership and defense industrial cooperation” between governments, businesses, and academic institutions and unveiled an ambitious agenda of cooperation
  • The event also saw a first-of-its-kind joint showcasing of innovative technologies by Indian and US start-ups.
  • 15 Indian start-ups and 10 US start-ups, from multiple domains of maritime, AI, autonomous systems, and space, showcased their technologies to Indian and US stakeholders.

INDUS X – Highlights

  • Two sides will create bilateral cooperation mechanisms, including a senior advisory group that will assess the progress in collaboration and makes recommendations on easing regulatory regimes on both sides.
  • Through INDUS-X, two sides will strengthen ties between our defense industrial ecosystems to make them more innovative, accessible, and resilient.”
  • Both ministries also intend to explore pathways for start-ups to access each other’s respective research and development centers and innovation labs.
  • A group of private stakeholders will engage investors to set up a joint innovation fund, while both governments too will explore a public-private partnership model for funding deep tech defence start-ups.

Coastal Ring of Yoga

Indian Navy to observe International Day of Yoga (IDY 23) with 'Ocean Ring  of Yoga' event - India Shipping News

  • Indian Coast Guard celebrated International Day of Yoga with fervour on June 21, 2023.
  • Indian Coast Guard created coastal ring/Sagarmala all along the country’s coastline by organizing special yoga sessions at all stations, ships and units in the coastal states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal as well as in the far-flung islands of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep.
  • The coastal ring created all along the peninsular India from Kutch (Gujarat) to Kolkata (West Bengal) symbolizing sacrosanct Yoga participation by Indian Coast Guard personnel was based on this year’s theme ‘Ocean Ring of Yoga’.
  • The islands (A&N and Lakshadweep) hinterland stations (Gandhinagar-Delhi) depicted their active presence as jewel to this ring.

Integrated Simulator Complex Dhruv

Integrated Simulator Complex (ISC) 'Dhruv' - GKToday

  • Raksha Mantri inaugurated the Integrated Simulator Complex (ISC) ‘Dhruv’ at Southern Naval Command, Kochi
  • The ISC ‘Dhruv’ hosts modern state-of-the-art indigenously-built simulators which will significantly enhance practical training in the Indian Navy.
  • These simulators are envisaged to give real-time experience on navigation, fleet operations and Naval tactics.
  • These simulators will also be utilised for training of personnel from friendly countries.

Simulators

  1. Multi-Station Handling Simulator (MSSHS)
  2. Air Direction and Helicopter Control Simulator (ADHCS) and
  3. Astronavigation Dome.
  4. The Ship Handling Simulators produced by ARI Pvt Ltd, New Delhi have been exported to 18 countries.
  • The Astronavigation Dome developed by Infovision Technologies Pvt Ltd is the first-of-its-kind in the Indian Navy.
  • The ADHCS – developed by Institute for Systems Studies and Analysis, a DRDO laboratory – would be able to provide real-time operational environment scenario to trainees.

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM )

  • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) entered into a collaborative partnership aimed at empowering women to make well-informed career choices in the field of entrepreneurship.

Know! about the partnership

  • The partnership will provide support for women looking to start and expanding their own enterprises, particularly in sectors such as care economy, digital economy, electric mobility, waste management, food packaging and more.
  • Focused on fostering entrepreneurship development and accelerating enterprise growth, the three-year project, extendable beyond 2025, will cover eight cities in the initial phase.
  • Leveraging its experience in linking over 2,00,000 women to better employment opportunities, UNDP will offer national-level capacity building support to DAY-NULM.
  • This support will focus on knowledge generation and management, such as compiling compendiums of best practices related to urban poverty, to enhance the implementation of national-level schemes.
  • UNDP and DAY-NULM will jointly engage in on-ground mobilization activities that involve identifying pockets of urban poverty and potential entrepreneurs, as well as facilitating access to Business Development Services.
  • Handholding support will be provided to the cohort to formalize their businesses, establish bank linkages, secure access to finance and markets.
  • UNDP will also contribute to the initiative by developing community business mentors called Biz-Sakhis in selected project locations.
  • These mentors, who possess valuable business knowledge, can support new and existing enterprises, and serve as a resource for DAY-NULM at a later stage.

Know! about DAY-NULM

  • The DAY-NULM has an aim to uplift the urban poor by enhancing sustainable livelihood opportunities through skill development.
  • The scheme extends its coverage to all the 4,041 statutory cities and towns, thereby covering most of India’s urban population.
  • DAY-NULM has mobilized more than 8.4 million urban poor women across India, forming over 8,31,000 Self-Help Groups (SHGs) in over 4,000 towns.
  • Their impressive grassroots initiatives facilitate economic empowerment and amplifies the voices of marginalized sections of the urban population, including SCs/STs, minorities, female-headed households, street vendors, and rag pickers.

Pradhan Mantri Mega Integrated Textile Region and Apparel (PM MITRA) Parks.

PM MITRA scheme: - INSIGHTSIAS

  • Union Minister of Textiles chaired the Industry Interaction on ‘Investment Opportunities in the Textiles Industry under PM MITRA Scheme
  • The Minister praised the exemplary initiatives taken by the 7 state Governments, namely, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh, in providing a thriving ecosystem for textiles manufacturing.
  • The Minister further encouraged the industry to take benefit from the existing attractive schemes of the Ministry of Textiles, including the National Technical Textiles Mission and Scheme For Capacity Building In Textile Sector (Samarth).
  • The Minister released a PM MITRA Brochure prepared by the Textile Team of Invest India during the event.

PM MITRA parks.

  • Inspired by the 5F vision (Farm to fibre; fibre to factory; factory to fashion; fashion to foreign) of the Prime Minister, of building an Aatmanirbhar Bharat and positioning India strongly on the global textiles map, the scheme for setting up of 7 PM MITRA Parks was announced in Union Budget for 2021-22.
  • PM MITRA scheme will offer the opportunity to create an Integrated Textiles Value Chain right from spinning, weaving, processing/dyeing, and printing to garment manufacturing at one location and will reduce logistics cost of Industry
  • PM MITRA scheme will help India in attracting investments, boosting employment generation, and position itself strongly in the global textile market.
  • It is expected to generate around 1 lakh direct and 2 lakh indirect employment per park, spreading over 1000 acres each and attracting proposed investments of around ₹ 70,000 Cr.
  • These parks are envisaged to be located at sites that have inherent strength for the textile industry to flourish and have necessary linkages to succeed.
  • The PM Mitra Parks will be developed in Public Private Partnership mode through a Special Purpose Vehicle jointly owned by the Central and State Governments.
  • The Central Government will provide development capital assistance of Rs 500 crores to each Greenfield PM MITRA Park for the development of common basic infrastructure besides Rs. 300 crores per park as an incentive for investors on a first come, first serve basis.

IS 18267: 2023

טוויטר \ Bureau of Indian Standards‏ (‎@IndianStandards)

  • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has published IS 18267: 2023 “Food Serving Utensils Made from Agri By-Products – Specification,” aimed at reducing plastic pollution and promoting sustainability.
  • The standard provides comprehensive guidelines to manufacturers and consumers, ensuring uniformity in quality requirements across the country.
  • The implementation of this standard has extensive advantages as using biodegradable agri by-product utensils can contribute towards environmental safety, conserve natural resources, and promote a circular economy.
  • These utensils are free from harmful additives and ensure consumer well-being.
  • The standard also creates economic opportunities for farmers and supports sustainable agricultural practices, contributing to rural development.

Disposable tableware

  • The rising use of disposable tableware worldwide is driving the global market for disposable tableware.
  • Disposable plate’s market size was valued at USD 4.26 Billion in 2020 and is projected to reach USD 6.73 Billion by 2028, growing at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 5.94% from 2021 to 2028.

NATIONAL FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE AWARDS – 2022 AND 2023

Florence Nightingale, Founder of modern Nursing: Founder of modern Nursing,  Hospital Reformer, Social Reformer, Pioneer of public health services  (Eternal Light Tracts Book 1) eBook : Thanasingh, Paul, William, John :  Amazon.in:

  • President Droupadi Murmu conferred the National Florence Nightingale Award on Major General Smita Devrani and Brigadier Amita Devrani of the Military Nursing Service for 2022 and 2023 respectively
  • The National Florence Nightingale Award was instituted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India in the year 1973 as a mark of recognition for the meritorious services rendered by the nurses and nursing professionals to the society.

PM-Kisan Mobile App

  • The PM-Kisan Mobile App with Face Authentication Feature was launched by Union Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Minister under the central government’s ambitious and popular scheme for income support to farmers “Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi”.
  • Using Face Authentication Feature from this app farmer can complete e-KYC remotely, sitting at home easily by scanning face without OTP or fingerprint and helped 100 other farmers to do e-KYC at their home.
  • Recognizing the need to make e-KYC mandatory, the Government of India has extended the ability of farmers to perform e-KYC to officers of state governments, so that each officer can complete the e-KYC process for 500 farmers.
  • The app will also provide very important information related to the scheme and PM Kisan accounts to the farmers.
  • In this, farmers can know the status of landseeding, linking of Aadhaar with bank accounts and e-KYC using the No User Status Module.
  • The department has also roped in India Post Payment Bank (IPPB) to open Aadhaar linked bank accounts for beneficiaries at their doorstep and asked CSCs to organize village-level e-KYC camps with the help of States/UTs.

Know! about PM-Kisan

  • PM-Kisan is an innovative scheme whose benefits are being given by the central government to the farmers without any middlemen.
  • PM Kisan is one of the world’s largest DBT schemes in which farmers get Rs 6,000 directly transferred through Aadhaar  linked bank accounts in three installments in a year.
  • 2.42 lakh crore has been transferred to the accounts of more than 11 crore farmers, of whom more than 3 crore were women.

Indian Railways signed MoU with United States Agency for International Development/India (USAID/India)
Indian Railways signed MoU with United States Agency for International  Development/India (USAID/India)

  • Indian Railways (IR) is proactively working towards the achievement of Net Zero Carbon Emission by 2030.
  • As part of its commitment to reduce carbon footprints, Indian Railways is taking several initiatives.
  • In line with this, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between Indian Railways, Government of India and United States Agency for International Development/India (USAID/India) for collaboration on Renewable energy and Energy Efficiency.
  • USAID is an agency of the U.S. Government that supports international development and advances its Mission objectives by supporting economic growth, agriculture and trade, clean energy, climate change mitigation and adaptation, global health, democracy and conflict mitigation and management, and humanitarian assistance.
  • Through MoU, technical assistance and support would be provided to Indian Railways.

The MoU broadly includes the following areas:-

  • Long-term energy planning including clean energy for Indian Railways.
  • Develop an Energy Efficiency Policy and Action Plan for IR Buildings.
  • Planning for clean energy procurement to achieve Indian Railways’ net-zero vision.
  • Technical support for addressing regulatory and implementation barriers.
  • Bid design and bid management support for system-friendly, large-scale renewable procurement.
  • Supporting Indian Railways in the promotion of e-mobility.
  • Collaboratively host events, conferences, and capacity-building programs in the mentioned identified areas including field visits and study tours (domestic/international).

Central Government Amends Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules, 2020

Time Of Day Tariff System: Central govt amends electricity rules,  introduces ToD tariff, simplifies smart meters, ET Government

  • The Government of India has introduced two changes to the prevailing power tariff system, through an amendment to the Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules, 2020.

The changes are

  • introduction of Time of Day (ToD) Tariff
  • rationalization of smart metering provisions.

Introduction of Time of Day (ToD) Tariff

  • Rather than being charged for electricity at the same rate at all times of the day, the price you pay for electricity will vary according to the time of day.
  • Under the ToD Tariff system, Tariff during solar hours (duration of eight hours in a day as specified by the State Electricity Regulatory Commission) of the day shall be 10%-20% less than the normal tariff, while the tariff during peak hours will be 10 to 20 percent higher.
  • ToD tariff would be applicable for Commercial and Industrial consumers having Maximum demand of 10 KW and above, from 1st April, 2024 and for all other consumers except agricultural consumers, latest from 1st April, 2025.

Time of Day tariff – benefits

  • separate tariffs for peak hours, Solar hours and normal hours, send price signals to consumers to manage their load according to the Tariff.
  • With awareness and effective utilization of ToD tariff mechanism, consumers can reduce their electricity bills.
  • Since solar power is cheaper, the tariff during the solar hours will be less, so the consumer benefits.
  • ToD mechanism will also ensure better grid integration of Renewable Energy sources

Rules regarding amendment made in smart metering provision

  • Government has also simplified the rules for smart metering.
  • the existing penalties for increase in consumer’s demand beyond the maximum sanctioned load / demand have been reduced.
  • post installation of a smart meter, no penal charges will be imposed on a consumer based on maximum demand recorded by the smart meter
  • Smart meters shall be read remotely at least once in a day and the data shall be shared with Consumers in order to enable them to take informed decision about consumption of electricity.

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