11 & 12 July 2023 – Current Affairs
Daily Current Capsules
11 and 12 July 2023
Scheme for Capacity Building in Textiles Sector (SAMARTH)
- The Empowered Committee for Scheme for Capacity Building in Textiles Sector (SAMARTH) broadened empanelment of 43 new implementing partners and additional target of training around 75,000 beneficiaries
- With this, the Ministry of Textiles has partnered with 157 Textile Industries / Industry Associations, 16 Central / State Government Agencies and 3 Sectoral Organizations of the Ministry for undertaking training programmes under SAMARTH.
- The scheme has penetrated across 28 States and 6 Union territories of the country and caters to all sections of the society including SC, ST, and other marginalized categories.
Know! about SAMARTH
- SAMARTH is a demand driven and placement-oriented umbrella skilling programme of the Ministry of Textiles formulated under the broad skilling policy framework adopted by M/o Skill Development & Entrepreneurship.
- The Scheme aims to incentivize and supplement the efforts of the industry in creating jobs in the organized textile and related sectors.
- In addition to the entry level skilling, a special provision for upskilling/ re-skilling programme has also been operationalized under the scheme towards improving the productivity of the existing workers in Apparel & Garmenting segments.
- SAMARTH also caters to the upskilling/ re-skilling requirement of traditional textile sectors such as handloom, handicraft, silk and jute.
International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA)
- The International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA) and Climate Policy Initiative – India (CPI) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for mutual assistance and cooperation to increase mobilisation of global sustainable capital flows into India.
Know! about IFSCA
- The IFSCA is a statutory authority established under the International Financial Services Centres Authority Act, 2019 (“IFSCA Act”) with a mandate to develop and regulate the financial products, financial services, and financial institutions in the International Financial Services Centres (‘IFSC’).
- GIFT-IFSC is the maiden IFSC in India. The IFSCA aims to develop a strong global connect and focus on the needs of the Indian economy as well as to serve as an international financial platform for the entire region.
Know! about Climate Policy Initiative
- Climate Policy Initiative is an analysis and advisory organization with deep expertise in finance and policy.
- Our mission is to support governments, businesses, and financial institutions drive economic growth while addressing climate change.
- CPI has six offices around the world in Brazil, India, Indonesia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
- CPI India Private Limited has been working to support India in fulfilling its global climate change commitments though: clean energy market catalysing initiatives, such as the US India Clean Energy Finance (USICEF), India Clean Energy Finance 2.0 (ICEF 2.0), Productive Use of Renewable Energy (PURE), India Distributed Solar Finance initiative (IDSF), the Global Innovation Lab for Climate Finance (India Chapter)
- The Prime Minister, has greeted the citizens of Tripura on occasion of Ker Puja.
- Ker Puja is a festival that is celebrated in Tripura, a state in the Northeast part of India.
- The Ker Puja is held seven days after the another centuries old festivity, ‘Kharchi Puja’, which worships 14 deities simultaneously in the erstwhile princely state’s previous capital Puran Habeli, 7 km north of Agartala.
- The literal meaning of ‘Ker’ in the tribal Kokborok language is “specified area”
- This is a tribal festival that is held to worship the deity of Vastu Devata.
- It is believed that former rulers used to perform this Puja for the general welfare and well-being of the people of the state.
- Ker Puja is celebrated as an offering of gratitude and obeisance to the guardian deity to save the people from any natural calamities or external aggressive forces. It includes various sacrifices and offerings to the deity.
Unified Logistics Interface Platform (ULIP)
- The Prime Minister hailed the role of Unified Logistics Interface Platform (ULIP) in transforming India’s logistics sector.
Unified Logistics Interface Platform (ULIP)
- It is designed to enhance efficiency and reduce the cost of logistics in India by creating a transparent, one window platform that can provide real-time information to all stakeholders.
- It was also emphasized that the solution should have the visibility of multi-modal transport, and all the existing systems of various ministries, governing bodies, and private stakeholders should be integrated with the ULIP system.
In line with the vision of “PM GatiShakti”, ULIP has been conceptualized with the following objectives:
- To create a nationwide single window logistics platform for end-to-end visibility.
- To develop a logistics gateway by integrating information available with various Govt. agencies across the value chain.
- To provide visibility for optimal usage of various modes of transportation.
- To provide data which can be utilized by the stakeholders for simplification of complicated processes like compliance, document filing, certifications, and approvals.
- To offer a platform for data exchange among government and private entities who are directly or indirectly involved in the Indian Logistics eco-system.
There are three key components which are defining the ULIP platform:
- Integration with existing data sources of ministries: As authorization, compliance and clearance are some of the critical activities of Logistics; the integration with data points of ministries shall enable a holistic view and interlink the handshaking points.
- Data exchange with private players: To enable the private players, logistics service providers, and industries to utilize the data available with ULIP and at the same time share their data (transportation, dispatch, delivery, etc.) with ULIP, thereby streamlining the processes to bring better efficiency through data exchange.
- Unified document reference in the supply chain: To enable a single digitized document reference number for all the documentation processes in a single platform.
Largest Display of Lambani Items
- As part of the 3rd Culture Working Group Meeting of G20 in Hampi, under its ‘Culture Unites All’ campaign, the Culture Working Group, Ministry of Culture has set a Guinness World Record for the ‘Largest Display of Lambani Items
- The theme for the exhibit is ‘Culture Unites All’.
- This display is titled ‘Threads of Unity’ and celebrates the aesthetic expressions and design vocabulary of Lambani embroidery.
- Over 450 Lambani women artisans and cultural practitioners associated with Sandur Kushala Kala Kendra Kendra came together to create these items using GI-tagged Sandur Lambani embroidery having 1755 patchworks.
Know! about Lambani crafts
- It is a traditional form of art and craft practised by the Lambani community, also known as the Banjara community in Karnataka.
- It is characterized by its vibrant colours, intricate embroidery, and mirror work.
- It has quilting stitches with borders of “Kangura” patchwork.
- Lambani art includes a wide range of products, such as clothing, textiles, accessories, home decor items, and jewellery.
- It received the status of Geographic Indication (GI) tag in 2010 from Karnataka.
Know! about Banjara Community:
- The Banjara are a nomadic ethnic group of India. They may have origins in the Mewar region of what is now the Rajasthan state of India. Banjara are commercial nomads. Banjaras now live in several states and are known by different names
- The language of Banjara is known as Gorboli or Gor mati Boli
11th meeting of the Executive Board of Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB)
- Chief Election Commissioner Shri Rajiv Kumar led a three-member Election Commission of India (ECI) delegation to Cartagena, Colombia to attend the 11th meeting of the Executive Board of the Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB).
- The Association of World Election Bodies is the largest association of Election Management Bodies (EMBs) worldwide with 119 EMBs as Members & 20 Regional Associations/Organisations as Associate Members.
- An international conference on the theme “A global view on the challenges of regional elections 2023” is also being organised by National Civil Registry, Colombia on July 13, 2023.
- A-WEB as a global association plays a critical role in fostering co-operation amongst EMBs and thereby enabling learning from each other’s experiences and best practices.
- A-WEB organises capacity building programmes for its member EMBs and undertakes Election Visitor and Observation Programmes in various countries to study election management practices and share knowledge with other member EMBs.
ECI and A-WEB
- A-WEB was founded in October, 2013 in Seoul, Republic of Korea on the shared vision among its members of achieving sustainable democracy around the world through the strengthening of the processes of election management in member countries.
- ECI has been very closely associated with the process of formation of A-WEB since 2011-12 and has been its Executive Board Member, since its inception in October 2013 for two consecutive terms (2013-15 and 2015-17).
- ECI took over as Vice-Chairperson of A-WEB for 2017-19 term; as Chair for 2019-22 term and is presently a member of its Executive Board for 2022-24 in its capacity as immediate former Chair of A-WEB.
- It may be recalled that in November 2022 during the 5th General Assembly meeting of A-WEB at Cape Town, Chief Election Commissioner Shri Rajiv Kumar handed over the A-WEB Chairmanship from ECI to Election Commission of South Africa, after leading the EMBs successfully during the covid pandemic (2019-2022).
India A-WEB Centre
- An India A-WEB Centre has been established at New Delhi for documentation and research for sharing the best practices and training and capacity building of officials of A-WEB members.
- The Odisha state cabinet approved a proposal to recommend the inclusion of the Kui language in the eighth schedule of the Constitution of India.
- Inclusion of Kui in the eighth schedule will help in the preservation, promotion and propagation of the language and culture
Know! about Kui Language
- Kui (also known as Kandh, Khondi, Khond, Khondo), is a South-Eastern Dravidian language spoken by the Kandha community.
- It is primarily spoken in the state of Odisha.
- It is closely related to other languages in the Dravidian family, such as Gondi and Kuvi.
- It was also referred to as the King language during the historical period.
- It is closely related to other languages in the Dravidian family, such as Gondi and Kuvi. It was also referred to as the Kuinga language during the historical period.
- Kui is traditionally written using the Odia script, which is also used for writing the Odia language.
Languages in 8th Schedule
- The 22 languages now included in the eighth section of the Constitution are, Manipuri, Maithili, Kashmiri, Hindi, Kannada, Gujarati, Konkani, Malayalam, Assamese, Marathi, Nepali, Bengali, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Telugu, Tamil, Odia, Urdu, Bodo, Dogri, and Santhali.
- Fourteen of these languages were originally listed in the Constitution.
- Sindhi was introduced in 1967, Konkani, Manipuri, and Nepali in 1992, and Santali, Dogri, Maithili, and Bodo by the 92nd Amendment Act of 2003.
- All states and UTs have started using electronic detailed accident report (eDAR) application for recording road crashes and over seven lakh accidents have been registered on this platform.
Know! about eDAR Project
- The Integrated Road Accident Database (iRAD) / e-Detailed Accident Report (eDAR) Project is an initiative of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways(MoRTH), Government of India and is funded by World Bank.
- The project aims to develop an Integrated Road Accident Database(iRAD), to enrich the accident databases from every part of the country.
- The project would generate various types of insights by analysing the collected road accident data across the country through implementation of data analytics technique.
- The mobile application will enable police personnel to enter details about a road accident, along with photos and videos, following which a unique ID will be created for the incident.
- Subsequently, an engineer from the Public Works Department or the local body will receive an alert on his mobile device.
- He or she will then visit the accident site, examine it, and feed the required details, such as the road design.
- Data thus collected will be analysed by a team at IIT-M, which will then suggest if corrective measures in road design need to be taken.
- A seven-year-old student from Kadakkal in Kollam has tested positive for Brucellosis, a bacterial infection that spreads from animals to people.
Know! about Brucellosis
- Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that spreads from animals to people.
- It is caused by various Brucella species, which mainly infect cattle, swine, goats, sheep and dogs.
- Worldwide, Brucella melitensis is the most prevalent species causing human brucellosis.
- Brucellosis is found globally and is a reportable disease in most countries. It affects people of all ages and both sexes. Person-to-person transmission is rare
- Most commonly, people are infected by eating raw or unpasteurized dairy products.
- Sometimes, the bacteria that cause brucellosis can spread through the air or through direct contact with infected animals.
- Brucellosis typically causes flu-like symptoms, including fever, weakness, malaise and weight loss.
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