GATE or Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is a national-level entrance test conducted by IISc Banglore and seven IITs (at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) on behalf of NCB-GATE for admission to postgraduate engineering (ME/ M.Tech) or research courses at top colleges in India such as IITs, NITs, IIITs, etc. and for PSU recruitment (at BHEL, GAIL, HAL, IOCL, NTPC, ONGC, PGCI, etc.).

What is the GATE exam? 
 
GATE or Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is a national-level entrance test conducted by IISc Banglore and seven IITs (at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) on behalf of NCB-GATE for admission to postgraduate engineering (ME/ M.Tech) or research courses at top colleges in India such as IITs, NITs, IIITs, etc. and for PSU recruitment (at BHEL, GAIL, HAL, IOCL, NTPC, ONGC, PGCI, etc.).
 
GATE 2022: Updates
 
  • Two new papers have been added to the list of GATE 2022 papers that are- Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering (NM) and Geomatics Engineering (GE).
  • GATE 2022 Eligibility Criteria has been expanded allowing BDS and M.Pharma degree candidates to apply for the exam. 
  • Leh (Ladakh) has been added as a new exam city to the list of existing GATE Exam Centers. Additionally, international exam centers have been cancelled. GATE 2022 will not be held at international centers due to COVID-19. In a recent update, IIT Kharagpur has also cancelled Sonepat, Panipat and Idukki as the exam cities this year. 
  • GATE 2022 Exam Pattern for Architecture and Planning has been revised. The paper will contain two sections- General Aptitude (for 15 marks) and Core Subject further divided into Part A (for 60 marks mandatory for everyone) and Part B (for 25 marks with two optional sections- Part B1 (Architecture) and Part B2 (Planning)). Candidates have to choose one of the two parts from Part B during the exam.
  • The Two-Paper Combination introduced last year (allowing candidates to appear for a second GATE paper) has been revised providing more options for candidates to choose from. 
  • NCB-GATE has also stated that all the benefits given to candidates in GATE 2021 will be continued in 2022 as well. 
Changes Introduced in GATE 2021
There were a number of changes that had been introduced in GATE 2021. All the changes that had been introduced are being followed this year too. Major introductions include:
  • Two new subjects- had been introduced in GATE 2021- Environmental Science and Engineering (ES) and Humanities and Social Science (XS).
  • Eligibility for GATE 2021 had been relaxed allowing candidates in the third/ final year of their graduation to apply for the exam.
  • GATE exam pattern had also been revised and the new pattern allowed a candidate to sit for a maximum of two papers. An updated list of combinations of papers had been released from which candidates could select two papers.
  • GATE Syllabus for all 25 papers had been revised. 
  • GATE 2021 exam dates were spread over a longer period of time considering the COVID-19 situation. 
  • 11 new GATE Exam Centers had been added in cities such as Shirdi, Latur, Akola, Dhule, etc.
GATE 2022: What to Expect? (Based on previous years' examinations) 
  • IIT Kharagpur last conducted the GATE exam in the year 2014, 2006, 2000, 1994 and 1988. Based on the exam analysis for the years, the overall difficulty levels of the exam were concluded to be moderate. However, since all the participating IITs and IISc are collectively responsible for preparing the question papers, students must make sure to prepare well for the exam. 
  • It was also observed that the major part of questions in the exam was the numerical type. Therefore students can expect more numerical-type questions. Candidates who appeared for the exam in 2014 also reported that an analytical approach was required to solve the question paper with an in-depth knowledge of concepts. 
  • With more numerical type questions, students reported that the exam was time-consuming. It is therefore recommended that students preparing for GATE 2022 must work on their calculations and speed. 
  • Multiple Select Questions (MSQs) in GATE 2021 papers were zero or very few in number. However, according to experts, the number of MSQs in GATE 2022 is expected to gradually increase similar to the pattern when NATs were initially introduced.
How to prepare? 
 
In order to prepare for GATE or any other examination, it is very crucial to choose the right study material to prepare that not only enables you to prepare in a better way but saves your time by letting you focus on the relevant topics and that's why GKP has been a leader in publishing GATE prep books since years. We at GKP understand the needs and mindset of the aspirant preparing for the exam and we prepare material that enhances your preparation. We offer various books such as GATE Guides, chapter-wise, topic-wise and complete solved papers for all branches. We are certain that these books will become your companion in the preparation journey and will take you to your desired destination. 
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